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Basic Wool Processing Steps

Wool is an amazing natural fiber that has many benefits and can be used for so many items. The questionBrown Olie Hat - Shearling Sheepskin is; what are the steps needed in order to process wool from sheep, which then goes into producing fabrics. Here are the major steps involved in wool processing:
  • Shearing of the sheep is typically done once per year, often in the spring. The fleece recovered from a sheep can weigh between 6 - 18 pounds.
  • Grading and sorting of the fleece, is the breaking up of the fleece based on quality.
  • Cleaning and scouring is done to the wool to remove contaminants such as; sand, dirt and grease.
  • Carding is the process that disentangles the wool and straightens it so its suitable for processing.
  • Threads are formed by spinning together the wool to create one strand of yarn.
  • Weaving is the process in which the yarn is woven into a fabric. There are two basic weaves; the plain weave and the twill. Woolen yarns come from fabric using the plain weave, and worsted yarns are created using the twill weave.
  • Finishing is the process where the wool fabric undergoes a series of finishing procedures.  These processes are: fulling (fabric is immersed in water to make the fibers interlock); crabbing (this permanently sets the interlock); decating (which is shrink proofing) and sometimes the fibers are dyed.
Wool is an exceptionally practical and beneficial fiber that nature has provided for us. It can be used year round due to it's comfort and  heat regulating abilities. Go ahead and enjoy nature's gift to us with this incredible fiber.




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